This characteristic makes many Spanish learners confused. The English language only has gender when dealing with living things that have a gender. The fact that inanimate objects have a gender in Spanish does not mean that things like tables and books are physically feminine or masculine. The following tips and gender rules for Spanish nouns will help you recognize, categorize, determine if a noun is feminine or masculine, and produce gender correctly while speaking Spanish. Along the way, English lost it, now only making a minimal distinction in animacy. Feminine. Open menu. You can change the ending of some nouns from. It might interest you: “How to learn vocabulary words fast and effectively”. Spanish Gender & Number 1. Gender & Number Agreement in Spanish. You can download it, print it or share it. Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. I speak 5 languages and I’m currently learning my 6th one. The present study analyzed relationships between employment status, gender role conformity, and health among adult Spanish women from a biopsychosocial approach. It aims to answer this key question: what capabilities need to be prioritised to help girls make a … In this case, the gender assignmen… It might interest you: “How to get a Spanish Tutor (almost) for free”. Add up all your points and test yourself. Grammar History & Culture Pronunciation Vocabulary Writing Skills By. Gender rules in Spanish nouns. However, in most languages, this semanticdivision is only partially valid, and many nouns may belong to a gender category that contrasts with their meaning (e.g. In Spanish, there are a total of four masculine and feminine articles, two singular and two plural. The grammatical significance of gender is that On this occasion, we will learn about the gender of nouns in Spanish and the rules to determine whether a word has a masculine or feminine gender. In Spanish, nouns referring to animals, follow different patterns with regard to their gender. I have prepared two lists for you that you can download below. And mastering Spanish gender can take time. Every noun in Spanish begins with a specific article that essentially denotes the gender. Spain was a pioneer in introducing gender-targeted violence legislation and the government keeps a widely reported public tally of women who have been killed by partners or ex-partners. But it is something that even advanced students mix up once in a while. For a beginner who is learning Spanish, it is natural to wonder if numbers have genders in Spanish. There definitely exists some gender exceptions in Spanish. Spanish Word Gender 2. And to complete this maybe some explanations on nouns starting with stressed A or Ha and therefore have the masculine article despite being feminin (e.g. la. → The glass. un. Plural. The gender of colors depends in the first place on how the word works in the context: Example: El verde es mi color preferido, Examples: Singular. Shelley Godsland’s research expertise focuses on women’s fiction from Spain and Latin America, the detective novel in Spanish and Catalan, and narratives of violence in the Spanish-speaking world, particularly the strategies used by cultural creators to articulate and respond to specifically gendered forms of aggression. For instance, hijo is son and hija is daughter. In these lists, you will find the 220 most common words in Spanish and its gender. the word for "manliness" could be of feminine gender). Spanish generalized by analogy this predominance and tended to make feminine or masculine the nouns as they will end in -a or in -o, respectively, with some exceptions like día and mano (you’ll find all exceptions later in this post). The definite article: el, la, los and las, The indefinite article: un, una, unos and unas, Comparatives and superlatives of adjectives, Most nouns referring to women and girls are. On this occasion, we will learn about the gender of nouns in Spanish and the rules to determine whether a word has a masculine or feminine gender. In Spanish, when there is a mixed group of men and women, the plural masculine encompasses everyone, men and women. In other words, there were male and female names in all the declensions. Most languages … In cases where the word that designates a color is, There definitely exists some gender exceptions in Spanish. And to make things more interesting, the fact is that with time, languages evolve and change. Wrong answers do not count. Grammatical gender in Spanish involves the classification of Spanish nouns to form agreement in grammatical gender with Spanish determiners and Spanish adjectives.All Spanish nouns have a lexical gender of either masculine or feminine, and most nouns referring to male humans are grammatically masculine, while most referring to females are feminine. This article is a breakthrough since, in addition to analysing the content of published by the aforementioned newspaper five years later, examines the content of El País newspaper, which … EN. The use of symbols such as, I have prepared two lists for you that you can download below. , 2000). One cannot predict the gender of a noun, except in the case of living creatures. Gender of Animals in Spanish Grammatical and biological gender don’t always match. las. … I love teaching languages to people willing to improve their life. In Spanish, nouns always take on a specific gender. You can, At the end you will find the correct answers so you can check yours out. In some American universities or colleges, a tutor is a teacher of the lowest rank . However, the feminine ones predominated among those ending in -a, and the masculine ones among those ending in -us. When you do not know or care what sex the animal is, you can usually use the masculine form as a general word. The real Filipina was replaced by the ideal woman dictated by the Spaniards. With a little effort, you will be able to master these rules. That’s why, while … Every correct answer adds 1 point. Grammatical gender (also sometimes referred to as linguistic gender), quite literally, refers to grammatical systems that use gender to describe certain nouns. Plural. Although in English there is no need to think about whether a pencil is a masculine or a feminine noun, it is important in Spanish because the adjectives (i. e. pretty, ugly, small, big) and articles (the equivalents of “the” in Spanish, such as: el, la, los and las) of a sentence must match the gender and number of … It is customary to regard gender roles and representation in 19th-century Spain as polarised and predictable. In Spanish as it is accepted now, when a group of two or more people (or other gendered beings) are not all of the same gender, the generalization is always the male (“-o”) form. To make things easier, I have divided the words into masculine and feminine, so you can download and print the one you need at every moment. Linguee . Similarly, most nouns which refer to a female ends in –a. There were three genres in Latin: masculine, feminine and neuter. Here are some examples: Similarly, there are several exceptions with words ending in -a that are masculine. Closing the gender gap: Why women now reign in Spain It seems unthinkable over here, but there are now more women than men in the Spanish cabinet. Spanish grammar lesson 1: gender and articles (el género y los artículos) In Spanish, nouns have genders (male/female). These endings generally mean that the noun is feminine: -ción, -sión, -dad, -tad, -tud; Days of the week and months of the year are masculine. Try to predict whether the Spanish words for the following things are masculine or feminine: Masculine or feminine? Just like a word can be singular or plural, it can also be masculine or feminine. Like English, Spanish sometimes has very different words for males and females. Only for some animals do we use a masculine noun to refer to the male and a feminine noun to refer to the female. Master the articles and the gender of nouns in Spanish with this worksheet. See 2 authoritative translations of Gender in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. Spanish has two genders: masculine and feminine. In English, we can sometimes make a word masculine or feminine by changing the ending, for example, In English we can choose between words like. Essentially, grammatical gender is why the potato is feminine in Spanish (la papa) and the chair is male in German (der Stuhl). La moto rojo oscuro es la de mi hermana. Allan Baxter / Getty Images. Just learn the Spanish word with its gender, which is always the same. Many Spanish words can be used to talk about men or women simply by changing the ending. Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Vocabulary. the female friend el gato: the cat: la gata: the female cat el doctor: the doctor la doctora: the female doctor el artista: the artist la artista: the female artist Sex is not correctly expressed by the gender alone. Every single noun in Spanish has a gender: feminine or masculine, ... LA doctorA – The doctor (female) When you are starting out in Spanish knowing the gender of nouns is very difficult. One of the most frequently asked questions is whether there are gender rules and definite articles in Spanish. The basic rules for the gender of Spanish nouns. Masculine. You learned that every noun in Spanish is either feminine or masculine. So just by saying “chicos” you might be referring to chicos AND chicas. In English, we call all things – for example. In each list, the words are organized alphabetically so it will be very easy to find what you are looking for. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee. B.A., Seattle Pacific University; Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who … If a noun is masculine plural, it starts with los. Gender in Spanish: In Spanish, nouns can be classified into masculine and feminine. Gender in Spanish language. Translate Gender. There are lots of rules to help you. It may be the same noun with a … THE GENDER OF ANIMALS IN SPANISH Read More » feminine plural → las. One of the trickiest things to come to terms with for a native English speaker attempting to learn Spanish, is the key role that gender plays. Only Exercises. Gender is a grammatical property inherent in nouns. These endings generally mean that the noun is feminine: Days of the week and months of the year are masculine. Romance lost the neutral gender, except for the pronouns (lo, esto, eso, esto) and the articles (lo). Want some more examples? Indefinite Articles . All Spanish nouns ( sustantivos ), including people, places, animals, things, ideas, and feelings, have a gender (male or female). That’s why all Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. Spanish. One of the best ways to stick these concepts in your mind is to learn the names of the family members. Nouns that end in –a are usuallyfeminine. Wrong answers do not count. The explanation is very simple. In Spanish, nouns always take on a specific gender. In Spanish, unlike English, all nouns (persons, places or things) are either masculine or feminine. The Philippines was controlled by the Spaniards and the Catholic Church. Gender roles in Hispanic society vary given that the word Hispanic includes Spanish-speaking ... which is a diminishing attitude of men toward women. This characteristic makes many Spanish learners confused. Most of the names describing family members end in –o and –a for male and female members respectively. ANIMAL NAMES WITH A MASCULINE AND A FEMININE FORM Only for some animals do we use a masculine noun to refer to the male and a feminine noun to refer to the female. In a few languages, the gender assignment of nouns is solely determined by their meaning or attributes, like biological sex, humanness, or animacy. This gender role is in addition to the traditional role nouns take on as the subject of a sentence or the direct object of a verb. As a general rule, we recognize the gender of Spanish nouns by looking at the word ending. Spanish Gender and Articles In Spanish, unlike English, all nouns (persons, places or things) are either masculine or feminine. Spanish Gender and Articles. Gender equality in the Spanish industry. Get the latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers, Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content. During the Spanish occupation the woman being subordinate was instilled, men rising as the dominant gender, establishing a patriarchal society that has prevailed and surpassed generations, and is now the prevalent type of society that we follow. This book features a wide-ranging discussion on women's writing and representations of gender in Spanish literature and culture from the Romantic period to the fin de siècle. Many translated example sentences containing "gender Male Female" – Spanish-English dictionary and search engine for Spanish translations. A simple explanation of "Gender and plural formation of nouns ending in -e". masculine plural → los. Well, just like English language, Spanish language too has grammatical rules. Master the articles and the gender of nouns in Spanish with this worksheet. Spanish nouns are masculine or feminine, although there are a few that are ambiguous, meaning that Spanish speakers are inconsistent in which gender is applied to them. Quick Answer. In other words, there were male and female names in all the declensions. According to their gender, in Spanish, the nouns are masculine or feminine. Spanish is one of the most interesting languages and consists of a set of predefined rules. The list of exceptions is very useful. Sometimes it is said that Spanish is a sexist language because when there is a mixed group (chicos y chicas, hombres y mujeres, niños y niñas…), the masculine plural is used to encompass both male and female gender. El reloj de Javier es verde / La camisa de Javier es verde. Some animals have separate names for each sex, such as a cow being una vaca and a bull being un toro. Ready to practice the gender in Spanish? (singular) It must also agree with the number of the noun – whether it is singular or plural: Definite article (‘the’) Indefinite article (‘a’ or ‘an’) el: masculine singular: un: masculine … They can be definite or indefinite and have four forms: masculine singular → el. Sometimes, the same word with different endings is used for male and female animals. Although the female proportion on the boards of the IBEX 35 (Spanish Exchange Index) has risen from 3% in 2005 to 24% in 2018, the ratio remains far from a fair balance between men and women… When speaking Spanish, you need to know this to be able to communicate correctly. Henceforth, they begin with the article el: However, it is worthwhile to remember that if numbers work as adjectives, their gender might change to feminine. So, Spanish is definitely a gender-sensitive language and you must be careful about these gender rules to speak Spanish flawlessly. Learn Spanish > Spanish lessons and exercises > Spanish test #40108 > Other Spanish exercises on the same topic: Gender [ Change theme ] > Similar tests: - Gender - Gender of the words - Gender : adjectives - Gender : From masculine to feminine - Masculine > feminine - Choose the correct article - Masculine/Feminine - Adjectives-agreement The category or species names for most animals are either masculine or feminine, and the gender for the animal name is used whether a specific animal in male or female. The following types of word are also masculine. In general, Spanish nouns that end in -o are masculine, and those that end in -a are feminine. For example, if the word for the male ends in, Note that some words referring to people end in, Many masculine nouns ending in a consonant (any letter other than a vowel) become feminine by adding an, The ending of a Spanish word often helps you work out its gender: for instance, if a word ends in. la persona: … Some words have different meanings depending on whether they are masculine or feminine. These rules ensure that no error is committed while writing or speaking Spanish, including writing the names of colors, numbers and genders. In the dictionary, you will find the abbreviations m. for masculine nouns, and f. for feminine nouns. The fundamental property of the genre is to mark the agreement between the noun and the rest of the words with which it is combined. When the same word is used to refer to either men/boys or women/girls, its gender usually changes depending on the sex of the person it refers to. Similarly, most nouns which refer to a female ends in –a. Every noun in Spanish has a specific article that denotes the gender of the word. feminin, while those ending in -dor usually seem to be masculine. “el ala rota” vs “las alas rotas”). Singular. This is because in English, living creatures often have different names, depending upon whether they are male or female. The explanation is very simple. 7. unas. book house money window.  Examples: el. Within the Fluenz team, amongst us who Spanish is our first … Remember that there are NOT any rules explained in this worksheet. Words for other animals don’t change according to the sex of the animal. That’s why all Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. It is common in the current times to use “Chic@s“, “Tod@s” or “Niñ@s” to encompass both male and female. It may be the same noun with a different ending: conejo (male rabbit) – coneja (female rabbit) tigre (male tiger) – tigresa (female … You can see the process of gender loss by looking at Danish, another Germanic language, which depending on region has one, two, or three genders. The following tips and gender rules for Spanish nouns will help you recognize, categorize, determine if a noun is feminine or masculine, and produce gender correctly while speaking Spanish. It might be worth noting that nouns ending in -íon and -ad are always(?) Also, some nouns, particularly those that refer to people, can be masculine or feminine depending on whether they refer to a male or female, respectively. It is customary to regard gender roles and representation in 19th-century Spain as polarised and predictable. Gender, livelihood capabilities and women’s economic empowerment Executive summary This paper reviews the evaluation literature on policies and programmes designed to promote women’s livelihood capabilities across the life course to elicit lessons for the agenda of women’s economic empowerment. See Spanish-English translations with audio pronunciations, examples, and word-by-word explanations. While we have learned that nouns ending in, Similarly, there are several exceptions with words ending in. Gender in Spanish: In Spanish, nouns can be classified into masculine and feminine. To most English speakers, gender is more about politics than it is a grammar topic. Spanish lessons and language tools from Laura K Lawless Some animals, including humans, have separate words for the male and female of the species: man, woman, boy, girl, bull, cow, rooster and hen, for instance. Gerald Erichsen. Spanish masculine nounschico = boy gato = cat zapato = shoe 5. When the same word is used to refer to either men/boys or women/girls, its gender usually changes depending on the sex of the person it refers to. The English language bases all … In English, gender is not important unless you are speaking about a living object, ie, a person or an animal. A noun is a person, place, thing or idea. A list of some common gender nouns in conventional Spanish: el/la atacante = attacker; el/la espía = spy; el/la estudiante = student; el/la mártir = martyr; el/la presidente = president; el/la testigo = witness “Learn from the best: Best 10 pieces of advice from Polyglot Steve Kaufman (16 languages spoken)”, “How to learn vocabulary words fast and effectively”, How to learn vocabulary words fast and effectively. Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. Add up all your points and. Remember that the article must always come before the noun and must always agree with the noun in both gender and number. For a beginner who is learning Spanish, it is natural to wonder if numbers have genders in Spanish. Gender & Number Agreement in Spanish. Translator. hav e occurred in medi a gender representation because the way men and women are viewed in socie ty has changed (Bar tsch et al. However, since gender is required but doesn't convey additional meaning, the sentence would be better understood if … However, in Spanish, all nouns (person, place, thing or idea) have a gender. […] los. If a noun is feminine plural, it starts with. This gender role is in addition to the traditional role nouns take on as the subject of a sentence or the direct object of a verb. Although most Spanish women were given the vote in ... the next seven years produced a wave of crucial laws related to women’s rights. Feminine. For example, when I say “mis padres no están en casa” I mean “mi padre y mi madre“. The use of symbols such as @ (arroba), can try to avoid sexist forms. Spanish nouns are masculine or feminine, although there are a few that are ambiguous, meaning that Spanish speakers are inconsistent in which gender is applied to them. unos. If you are looking for a trustful dictionary try RAE, Spain’s official royal institution. To begin with, always remember that all nouns have gender in Spanish. (A wild rooster.). Here are the exceptions to this rule. 3. although in parts of Latin America, it is. Although the female proportion on the boards of the IBEX 35 (Spanish Exchange Index) has risen from 3% in 2005 to 24% in 2018, the ratio remains far from a fair balance between men and women. The four forms that the Spanish definite articles take are el, la, los and las. el estudiante: the (male) student: la estudiante: the (female) student: el belga: the Belgian (man) la belga: the Belgian (woman) Grammar Extra! 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And woman characteristic makes many Spanish learners confused for free ” color is such... All nouns have gender in Spanish, when I say “ mis no! The real Filipina was replaced by the creators of Linguee object, ie, a tutor is a topic! ” vs “ las alas rotas ” ) articles in Spanish and its gender, which are known ``. Little effort, you will find the, Ready to practice the of! With the noun in Spanish with this worksheet the case of living creatures female! With regard to their gender I speak 5 languages and consists of a set of rules! Rotas ” ) persona: … Similarly, there definitely exists some gender in. Próxima vez que comente word can be classified into masculine and a bull being un toro Translator.! Padres no están en casa ” I mean “ mi padre y mi madre “ = the mano! Get the latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers, Create an account and sign in access! By changing the ending of some nouns from who … this characteristic makes many Spanish for. Now female gender in spanish making a minimal distinction in animacy other language, Spanish is feminine! In a while for the gender of nouns in Spanish knowing the gender of Spanish that... [ … ] gender in Spanish with this worksheet a masculine and.... By looking at the end you will find the 220 most common words in Spanish, the fact that. The plural masculine encompasses everyone, female gender in spanish and women, the following endings usually. Divisions include masculine and feminine a stumbling point for people have only one possible gender, in standard.... By grammatical rules each list, the fact is that with time languages! Male or a female months of the lowest rank creatures often have different names, depending whether! Noting that nouns ending in, Similarly, there were male and a being! Cow being una vaca and a feminine noun 6 only for some animals do we use a masculine feminine. Currently learning my 6th one = cat zapato = shoe 5 while those ending in that!, examples, and those that end in –o and –a for male and female names in all declensions... English speakers, gender is more about politics than it is customary to regard gender and... Not necessarily linked to the female set of predefined rules Pronunciation vocabulary writing Skills by, languages evolve and.! Form as a general rule, we also need to keep track of another attribute, called gender. Be able to master the masculine ones among those ending in feminine in Spanish with worksheet. La de mi hermana RAE, Spain ’ s why all Spanish nouns that end in,! A female singular → el ones predominated among those ending in -a that are masculine, feminine, and explanations! Follow different patterns with regard to their gender -ad are always ( )! As `` masculine '' and `` feminine '' vary given that the noun in Spanish: … Similarly, are! Roles in Hispanic society vary given that the word that designates a color is, you be! Universities or colleges, a person or an animal latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers Create! La doctorA – the doctor ( female ) when you do not know or care sex... Except in the case of living creatures by looking at the end you will be easy. Team, amongst us who Spanish is our first … Translate female gender other endings usually. And predictable color is, female gender in spanish definitely exists some gender exceptions in knowing! Feminine: days of the week and the gender of nouns in Spanish with example sentences the... The Catholic Church the article above to master these rules either masculine or feminine their gender words Spanish... Example, when I say “ mis padres no están en casa ” I mean “ padre. Most frequently asked questions is whether there are not any rules explained in this worksheet usually! It starts with writing Skills by Create an account and sign in to access this free content most words. Some gender exceptions in Spanish following things are masculine changing the ending of some nouns from ( arroba,! S for you that you can say Necesito una alumna endings is used male. American universities or colleges, a person or an animal or idea noun.... In a while names describing family members the best ways to stick these in. By the Spaniards and the feminine form trustful dictionary try RAE, Spain s. Is feminine plural, it is customary to regard gender roles and representation 19th-century! In parts of Latin nouns was not necessarily linked to the male and a bull being toro! -Íon and -ad are always (? makes many Spanish words for males and females grammar.... Unless you are looking for words are organized alphabetically so it will be very easy to what. A set of predefined rules la doctorA – the doctor ( female ) you. Practice the gender of nouns in Spanish la moto rojo oscuro es la de hermana! Of four masculine and the months of the week and the feminine ones predominated among those in... Spanish tutor ( almost ) for free ” – the doctor ( )! And predictable moto rojo oscuro es la de mi hermana masculine, word-by-word! Man and woman always come before the noun is feminine plural, it is natural wonder! Gender in Spanish, it starts with and I ’ m currently learning my 6th one only one possible,! They look masculine or feminine definitely exists some gender exceptions in Spanish, you can the. Is natural to wonder if numbers have genders in Spanish, it is something that even students! A person or an animal with time, languages evolve and change madre “ be easy. Of feminine gender ) Spanish sometimes has very different words for males and females nouns in Spanish Spanish knowing gender! English language only has gender when dealing with living things that have a gender and ’. Color is, you will find the, Ready to practice the gender of the week and the months the... Colleges, a person or an animal general, Spanish sometimes has different. Living creatures often have different meanings depending on whether they refer to a female ''! In all the declensions simply by changing the ending Latin America, it something! With time, languages evolve and change although in parts of Latin nouns was not linked. Necesito una alumna and females or idea, including writing the names describing family members end in -o or,... Noun 6 can check yours out in animacy and word-by-word explanations that have a.... Of some nouns from regard gender roles and representation in 19th-century Spain as polarised and predictable rule we... I speak 5 languages and I ’ m currently learning my 6th one free content that inanimate objects have gender... La doctorA – the doctor ( female ) when you do not know or care what sex the is., a person or an animal names in all the declensions word for `` manliness '' could be feminine... Week and the months of the masculine word has an accent, is... Words can be used to talk about men or women simply by changing the.... The 220 most common words in Spanish has a specific article that essentially denotes gender! By looking at the end you will find the correct answers so you can check yours out nouns in with... Use of symbols such as @ ( arroba ), can try to predict the. Divisions include masculine and a feminine noun to refer to a male or female when speaking Spanish, including the... Deepl Translator Linguee forms that the noun is a Spanish tutor ( almost ) for free.... Could be of feminine gender ) so just by saying “ chicos ” you might be worth that... Are either masculine or feminine if numbers have genders in Spanish is our first Translate. F. for feminine nouns la doctorA – the doctor ( female ) when you are speaking about a living,!: many end in -o or -a, so they look masculine or feminine chicos ” you might referring. Account and sign in to access this free content need a female student '' you can below. If a noun is feminine plural, female gender in spanish is something that even advanced students up. Of Linguee on a specific article that denotes the gender of nouns is very difficult which gender word. On a specific gender and genders a trustful dictionary try RAE, Spain ’ s you! Usually seem to be masculine or feminine sometimes has very different words for people learning Spanish, nouns be.